A few people recently have asked me the story of how I got into education. As a technical person, I attended a lot of software training courses. I would always get frustrated at the approaches taken in those courses: too many PowerPoint slides, full of dense text and screen shots. A script that follows the ‘happy path’ (teaching how to follow steps instead of how to actually internalize concepts). I realized there had to be a better way.
After studying various concepts like Adult Learning Theory, Cognitive Load Theory, and even psychology, I realized the problems. We rely too much on PowerPoint to tell the entire story, rather than letting the instructor tell, and more importantly, help the student to visualize the story. Better yet, the best instructors find a way to include the students as participants in that story. Too often, instructors are told to just ‘follow the script’. A good instructor can overcome this and make a story come to life. They develop the skills to rise above the PowerPoint script and learn how to speak with their audience, rather than at their audience.
PowerPoint should be used to aid the learning with visualizing key topics that are hard to depict in other ways. A PowerPoint deck would make a good instructor manual, but let the instructor manage the class and tell the story and keep it interactive. Keep everything tied to the learning objectives, but do not script out the entire course.
Below are my top six things to avoid when using PowerPoint for corporate education:
- Don't use PowerPoint to show screen shots, actually show the product and demo it live.
- Don't use PowerPoint to simply show a script and then recite that back to the students. That is just like an audio book, but without the ability to pause or rewind. Allow the instructor to tell the story.
- When a PowerPoint deck is overloaded with content, this is not a graphic design issue, this is an issue distilling complexity to its essence and telling a story. Keep it simple, and let the instructor provide the details.
- Don’t stifle interactions. If you are going to use slides, use them sparingly and make sure you don't just lecture from them. You need to ask questions and let the class follow along and interact with you and the software.
- Don’t just teach the happy path – your students will learn how to follow 57 steps and make something happen, but will be ill-equipped to handle things off the happy path (and in life nothing ever stays on the happy path).
- Try using a whiteboard to highlight a concept or diagram rather than using one already built or animated in PowerPoint. If a student asks a question, it is easier to explain that in the diagram when it is on the whiteboard then pointing at an already rendered PowerPoint that cannot be updated easily on the fly.
Save trees, grow minds, and let instructors do what they were born to do: instruct and not just facilitate!